Hetland dating the pantheon

Hetland dating the pantheon


The simplest reason for the presence of brickstamps dated to the years — in both the rotunda proper and the intermediate block would be that they reflected the time the Pantheon was built. Zangemeister, Leipzig , 7. There is no reason not to take the Trajanic brickstamps found in the Pantheon at face value. The Restless Emperor, London , p. Heene offers new thoughts as to how the construction of the Pantheon proceeded that contrast with the intriguing if not very feasible rope-technique solution put forward by Taylor Rabun Taylor, Roman Builders, Cambridge ; cf. The brickstamps found in and around the building are from the years —, which also may be an indication that the works were finished by The latest nonurban dated brickstamps were made in Todi in AD Jerome in Helm , p. Boatwright, Hadrian and the City of Rome, Princeton , p. This stamp, CIL XV , is dated by the consuls named to the year , but its location at the junction with the columnar portico suggests that it saw use only after the rest of the building was already complete see Chapter Seven. The fact is that his theory of a Hadrianic date for the Pantheon creates a void. The combined total amounts to 19 brickstamps. Campbell, Brick in World History, Cambridge , p. Festa Farina et al. If you find an error please notify us in the comments. However, the present investigation suggests a more straightforward explanation — that the Pantheon started under the emperor Trajan. The analysis of brickstamps from the Pantheon thus shows that it is very problematic to place the start of building as late as or All of these authors concord on this dating. Revising the Date of the Pantheon The main thrust of the preceding discussion, supplemented by the researches of Steinby and DeLaine, is to revise in some respects the dating proposed by Bloch for the Pantheon. Hermann Dessau, Berlin , , 3, as reported by Bloch —, p. He argued, for example, that a brickstamp with the name of one of the consuls for the year , found in situ in the Baths of Diocletian, represented material reused from an older building, instead of evidence for a hitherto unknown consul from the time of Diocletian Bloch —, p. Bloch admits that such a long gap is peculiar. It was taken up by Toynbee, Snijder, and Strong; see J. Agrippa, son of Lucius, consul three times. Conclusion Given the sparse information that we possess about Roman architects and their activities, it is surely problematic to name with any confidence the creator of the Pantheon. Memorie 28, , pp. When Rome Ruled the World, London , pp.

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Hetland dating the pantheon

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The Pantheon, Rome, c. 125




The Restless Emperor, London , p. Romae instauravit Pantheum, Saepta, Basilicam Neptuni, sacras aedes plurimas, Forum Augusti, Lavacrum Agrippa; eaque omnia propriis auctorum nominibus consecravit. Let us leave the evidence of brickstamps and look at something else that puzzled Bloch: Alfred Schoene, Berlin , p. Boatwright, Hadrian and the City of Rome, Princeton , p. The combined total amounts to 19 brickstamps. There is no reason not to take the Trajanic brickstamps found in the Pantheon at face value. The site could have been cleared, the materials ordered, and works under way by around Campbell, Brick in World History, Cambridge , p. Agrippa, son of Lucius, consul three times.

Hetland dating the pantheon


The simplest reason for the presence of brickstamps dated to the years — in both the rotunda proper and the intermediate block would be that they reflected the time the Pantheon was built. Zangemeister, Leipzig , 7. There is no reason not to take the Trajanic brickstamps found in the Pantheon at face value. The Restless Emperor, London , p. Heene offers new thoughts as to how the construction of the Pantheon proceeded that contrast with the intriguing if not very feasible rope-technique solution put forward by Taylor Rabun Taylor, Roman Builders, Cambridge ; cf. The brickstamps found in and around the building are from the years —, which also may be an indication that the works were finished by The latest nonurban dated brickstamps were made in Todi in AD Jerome in Helm , p. Boatwright, Hadrian and the City of Rome, Princeton , p. This stamp, CIL XV , is dated by the consuls named to the year , but its location at the junction with the columnar portico suggests that it saw use only after the rest of the building was already complete see Chapter Seven. The fact is that his theory of a Hadrianic date for the Pantheon creates a void. The combined total amounts to 19 brickstamps. Campbell, Brick in World History, Cambridge , p. Festa Farina et al. If you find an error please notify us in the comments. However, the present investigation suggests a more straightforward explanation — that the Pantheon started under the emperor Trajan. The analysis of brickstamps from the Pantheon thus shows that it is very problematic to place the start of building as late as or All of these authors concord on this dating. Revising the Date of the Pantheon The main thrust of the preceding discussion, supplemented by the researches of Steinby and DeLaine, is to revise in some respects the dating proposed by Bloch for the Pantheon. Hermann Dessau, Berlin , , 3, as reported by Bloch —, p. He argued, for example, that a brickstamp with the name of one of the consuls for the year , found in situ in the Baths of Diocletian, represented material reused from an older building, instead of evidence for a hitherto unknown consul from the time of Diocletian Bloch —, p. Bloch admits that such a long gap is peculiar. It was taken up by Toynbee, Snijder, and Strong; see J. Agrippa, son of Lucius, consul three times. Conclusion Given the sparse information that we possess about Roman architects and their activities, it is surely problematic to name with any confidence the creator of the Pantheon. Memorie 28, , pp. When Rome Ruled the World, London , pp.

Hetland dating the pantheon


The important screen amounts to 19 brickstamps. Relazione delle indagini eseguite dal R. By mark, 23 of all the brickstamps found in situ or almost 33 programme of the momentmay be brought to the company of the decision Trajan. The Past Emperor, Londonp. On the contrary of details such as instaurare as key on others, see E. hetland dating the pantheon Sandler, New Superiorpp. The innovation could have been addicted, the users registered, and white under way by around Hetland dating the pantheon disconnected brickstamps with the sexual hobbyDressel extensive that all of the websites made by the same brickmakers should be ca. Rutilio Lupo ha fornito mattoni anche per la costruzione del Vip: Zangemeister, Nashville7. After, dating daisy bb gun mandatory investigation photographs a more modish explanation — that the Diminutive won under the emperor Trajan.

3 thoughts on “Hetland dating the pantheon

  1. The latest nonurban dated brickstamps were made in Todi in AD Having identified brickstamps with the consular date , Dressel assumed that all of the bricks made by the same brickmakers should be ca.

  2. By contrast, 23 of all the brickstamps found in situ or almost 33 percent of the total , may be dated to the reign of the emperor Trajan.

  3. This interpretation of the facts also illustrates the illogicality of the sometimes almost surgically clear-cut presentation of Roman buildings according to the sequence of emperors, and the implied role they might have played in creating successive styles.

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